Information Analyses

To respond to 1st pair of research concerns concerning the prevalence of nonheterosexual product on tv, we used episode-level information ( ag e.g., percentages of episodes containing same-sex intimate behavior and containing speak about intercourse linked to nonheterosexuals) and chi-square analyses to look at between-group distinctions by using these nominal data. For the 2nd pair of research concerns, we utilized just those suggests that included nonheterosexual intimate content and evaluated their frequency across 2-minute periods ( ag e.g., range periods each hour of system time with nonheterosexual intimate talk). For those analyses, we utilized t-tests or analysis of variance (ANOVA) to check team distinctions. Significant omnibus F-tests had been followed up with post hoc comparisons making use of Tamhane’s T2 test, which will not assume cell that is equal or equal variance, to spot significant distinctions across teams.

Outcomes

Prevalence of Nonheterosexual Sexual Information

About one out of six programs within our examples contained any content that is sexualbehavior or talk) linked to nonheterosexuals. dining Table 1 shows the portion of implies that contained any same-sex intimate behavior and any intimate talk linked to nonheterosexuals by system genres, by style of system, and also by time of day aired. For community kind, the 11 channels had been categorized into certainly one of three groups: commercial broadcast (including the 3 major companies ABC, CBS, and NBC in addition to Fox, UPN, and WB), cable music activity (including BET and MTV), and premium cable film (including Cinemax, HBO, and Showtime). With regards to time of time broadcast, had been classified as prime-time.

Dining Dining Table 1

Note: Within style of community and period of day aired, percentages within the exact same line that don’t share subscripts vary at p dining dining Table 1 ). More often than not, there clearly was a higher amount of communication from a genre’s general positions for same-sex intimate behavior and speak about nonheterosexual sexual dilemmas. Furthermore, genres’ standings on both these variables had been fairly stable over the two tv periods.

Three genres had been regularly lower in both types of nonheterosexual sexual content: Children’s cartoons (none of which included behavior that is intimate intimate talk linked to nonheterosexuals either in 12 months), news publications . 3 Genres that had a tendency to have the greatest proportions of programs with nonheterosexual content had been variety/comedy and component movie. Made-for-TV films and programs classified as “other” additionally had reasonably high proportions with nonheterosexual intimate content; nevertheless, both of these categories included just only a few programs ), which makes it tough to draw conclusions about them. Consequently, although we consist of these second two genres within the tables, we don’t highlight the findings related to them.

Network-type evaluations

Note: Within form of system and period of day aired, means within the column that is same sex chatrooms don’t share subscripts vary at p 1 For simplicity of presentation, we utilize the term “nonheterosexual” to refer collectively to any or all people whose intimate orientation just isn’t solely heterosexual, including homosexual men, lesbians, and bisexuals of either intercourse.

2 one other intimate behavior category ended up being utilized to recapture all the forms of intimate tasks that would not get into the categories specified flirting, kissing, intimate touching, sexual activity implied, and sexual activity depicted including low-level intimate functions such as for instance leering to high-level intimate acts such as for example masturbation and bondage and control.

4 Because our examples consist of programs from both broadcast that is commercial cable sites, we utilized a typical device wide range of 2-minute periods per hour of program time in the place of quantity of 2-minute periods per 1-hour show to assess the regularity of intimate behavior and speak about sex regarding nonheterosexuals. This makes up about the fact commercials considerably lessen the amount of system content on broadcast networks to about 22 two-minute intervals in an one-hour system, whereas 1-hour cable programs routinely have about 30 two-minute periods.