This paper studies exactly just how intermarriages that are immigrant–native Sweden are connected with specific faculties of indigenous people and habits of assortative mating. Habits of educational- and age-assortative mating which are comparable to those discovered in native–native marriages may mirror openness to immigrant teams, whereas assortative mating habits that suggest status factors claim that nation of birth will continue to act as a boundary within the marriage market that is native. The analysis makes use of Swedish register data which cover the complete Swedish populace when it comes to amount of 1991–2009. The outcome from binomial and multinomial logistic regressions show that low status of natives with regards to financial and demographic faculties is connected with intermarriage and therefore intermarriages are seen as an academic and age heterogamy more than are native–native marriages. The findings suggest that immigrant females along with immigrant guys be a little more marriage that is attractive if they’re quite a bit more youthful than their indigenous partners. This will be especially real for intermarriages with immigrants from particular elements of beginning, such as for instance spouses from Asia and Africa and husbands from Asia, Africa, plus the center East. Gender variations in the intermarriage habits of indigenous gents and ladies are interestingly little.


A feature that is distinct of wedding areas is homogamy in spousal option. Lovers are usually comparable pertaining to status that is socioeconomicKalmijn 1991), age (van Poppel et al. 2001), training, battle, and faith (Blackwell and Lichter 2004). While there is increasing similarity in particular faculties such as training and age over a few years (Schwartz and Mare 2005; Van de Putte et al. 2009), there was clearly a decline in homogamy with regards to nation of delivery through the increase of intermarriages between natives and immigrants in European countries. Footnote 1 Scholars usually learn immigrant–native intermarriage when you look at the context of immigrant integration and regularly regard intermarriage once the last step up the assimilation procedure (Gordon 1964). an extremely neglected part of this will be that “it takes two to tango”: it entails the maximum amount of willingness from the section of natives to intermarry because it does from the element of immigrants. This research addresses an interest who has hitherto been understudied for the reason that it analyses the (inter-)marriage behavior of indigenous Swedes. Footnote 2 centering on the indigenous majority expands the intermarriage literary works and results in a much better knowledge of societal openness towards minorities within the majority’s wedding market. By firmly taking under consideration the characteristics of both the indigenous partner therefore datinghearts.org the immigrant partner, this paper is a vital share to your intermarriage literary works. Intermarriage can be considered to signal the reality that various groups that are social the other person as equals (cf. Kalmijn 1991), but wedding may also replicate hierarchies that are social excluding specific teams through the pool of possible partners and reproducing social structures within these. Where intermarriages show systematic habits of hypergamy and hypogamy, that is, indigenous lovers marry up or down in traits such as for instance age and training, it may be determined that the lovers usually do not consider one another as social equals (Merton 1941). Intermarriage habits consequently have actually the possibility to show implicit hierarchies of immigrants into the wedding market. Footnote 3

The particular concern that this paper tries to response is whether intermarriages are linked to the status of native Swedes in adition to that of immigrants within the marriage market that is swedish. This study contributes to a previously understudied area in the intermarriage literature by analysing the individual characteristics of natives that are associated with intermarriage as well as the educational- and age-assortative mating patterns of intermarried couples rather than the mere frequency of such unions. It makes use of top-notch register information within the whole populace of residents in Sweden and includes all marriages and non-marital unions with typical kids that have been created in the time scale 1991–2009.

Background and past Research on Immigrant–Native Intermarriages in European countries and Sweden

Intermarriage between immigrants and natives has increased in many countries that are european previous years and it is closely associated with the percentage of immigrants in the united states (Lanzieri 2012). This increase that is general intermarriage in European countries is essentially linked to an amazing boost in intermarriage with partners from nations outside of the EU (de Valk and Medrano 2014). Intermarriage prices in Sweden have increased constantly since the 1970s, together with enhance is significantly steeper for males compared to ladies. Figure 1 shows the proportions of immigrant–native intermarriages (defined right right right here as marriages from A swede that is native footnote and their foreign-born partner) and native–native marriages (thought as marriages between two indigenous partners) of most newly contracted marriages produced by indigenous Swedes from 1969 to 2009. At the time of 1991 the register extracts utilized in this paper have an identifier for non-marital cohabitations with typical kiddies, that makes it feasible to report the stocks of native–native cohabitation and immigrant–native cohabitation.

Stocks of native–native unions and immigrant–native unions of most unions of indigenous Swedish guys and feamales in Sweden 1969–2009

The shares of immigrant–native marriage and cohabitation are close in size and have changed only marginally since the 1990s; for native men, there is a wider gap with immigrant–native cohabitation displaying lower rates with little increase over time and immigrant–native marriages displaying higher rates with a more pronounced increase over time for native women.

In previous years, intermarriage between indigenous Swedes and immigrants had been dominated by intermarriage along with other Nordic residents, specially Finns (Cretser 1999). The increase in intermarriages can be largely accounted for by the increased number of marriages with partners from outside Europe, and Thailand has replaced Finland as the most frequent country of origin for intermarried immigrant women (although Finland remains the most common country of origin for intermarried immigrant men; Haandrikman 2014) in more recent years.